The subject of redress and reparations for historical wrongs based on racism and other forms of discriminatory practices has been at the centre of vigorous debates in the discourse on racism and the measures to combat it. It is a topic that when broached, often sets off heated debates on its appropriateness and relevance for remedying past wrongs. In some cases, it has contributed to dissension among communities, groups and individuals.
Redress and Reparations are advocated as one form of remedies for any gross human rights violations including historical injustices. Reparations are generally understood to be a means of compensation or redress for past wrongs. Redress and Reparations can take the approach of financial compensations through various forms (individual compensation and/or collective compensation through specific social and economic programs), land, the return of property, and/or any other number of forms of redress that are non-monetary in nature - including acknowledgement and apology, establishment of monuments and museums to pay respect to the victims of past abuses, educational programs to the broader society about the historical injustices, and building public consciousness to ensure the injustices do not recur, etc, that are intended to ameliorate the conditions of the person or persons to whom reparations are given.