The Canadian Race Relations Foundation maintains a glossary with definitions of key concepts relevant to race relations, the promotion of Canadian identity, belonging and the mutuality of citizenship rights and responsibilities.
Terms are organized in alphabetical order.
A community of status Indians recognized by the federal government under the Indian Act. There are over 600 recognized Indian bands in Canada. Bands often have land set apart for their collective use (see “Reserve”). Each band has its own governing council, usually consisting of a chief and several councillors. The members of a band share common values, traditions, and practices rooted in their ancestral heritage. Today, many Indian bands prefer to use the word “First Nation” to describe their communities.
An overt or covert obstacle which must be overcome for equality and progress to be possible.
A subjective opinion, preference, prejudice, or inclination, often formed without reasonable justification, which influences the ability of an individuals or group to evaluate a particular situation objectively or accurately.
See “Reasonable apprehension of bias”
Someone who is intolerantly devoted to their biased opinion, prejudices or beliefs towards people with perceived differences.
Refers to an official policy of Canada, with two official languages (English and French). The ability to utilize two languages with equal fluency.
The pre-legislation name of the 1985 Act to Amend the Indian Act. This Act eliminated certain discriminatory provisions of the Indian Act. The Bill had three major goals: to address gender discrimination of the Indian Act, to restore Indian status to those who had been forcibly enfranchised due to previous discriminatory provisions, and to allow bands to control their own band membership as a step towards self-government.
People of African descent and those who define themselves as such, who are now residents/citizens of Canada.
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A workplace prerequisite that is directly related to the requirements of a specific job and which employers may consider when making decisions on the hiring and retention of employees.