Over the past 20 years, the Canadian population has diversified in many ways. From growth in the visible minority population, to shifts in religious participation, to increases in same-sex relationships, Canada’s cultural and social composition continues to change (Milan, Vézina and Wells 2009, Statistics Canada 2008a, Statistics Canada 2003). Some research has suggested that demographic shifts in the population can lead to discrimination or bias, which may further develop into hate crimes (Stacey, Carbone-López and Rosenfeld 2011, McCann 2010). It is important to note that police-reported data likely undercount the true extent of hate crime in Canada, as not all incidents come to the attention of police. Self-reported information from the 2009 General Social Survey (GSS) on Victimization6 suggests that about one-third (34%) of incidents perceived by victims to have been motivated by hate were subsequently reported to police (Dauvergne and Brennan 2011).