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Category: Reports | Rapports
Pages: 22
Location: Online
Year: 2019
N° catalog: REP.D641.2019
Link: Link Web Access

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Review

The Black population has contributed to Canada’s heritage since the arrival of Mathieu Da Costa (a navigator and interpreter for
Pierre Du Gua de Mons and Samuel de Champlain), whose presence in Canada dates back to the early 1600s.
 
Black people in Canada have diverse backgrounds and experiences – while some can trace their roots in Canada for many generations,
others have immigrated in recent decades. They have contributed in many ways to the growth, diversity and development of
the country.
 
In conjunction with both the United Nations’ initiatives for the International Decade for People of African Descent (2015-2024), and Black History Month, this portrait aims to highlight the diversity of the Black population in terms of their ethnic and cultural origins, places of birth and languages. 
 
Table of contents
Context - 3

Population of interest - 4

In 2016, close to 1.2 million people
in Canada reported being Black - 4
 
The Black population is a
young population... - 5

...with a history in Canada - 5

About half of the Black population is
or has ever been a landed immigrant
or permanent resident in Canada... - 6

...who came at different points in time - 6

...and through different gateways
to Canada - 7

The source regions of immigration have
changed over time - 8

More than 170 different places of birth for
the Black immigrants in Canada - 8

Overall, more than 200 ethnic or cultural
origins were reported by the Black
population in Canada - 10

The long established Black population in
Canada is more likely to report several
ethnic or cultural origins - 11

The mother tongues reported among the
first generation Black population are much
more diverse than the mother tongues
among the third generation or more - 12

A higher percent of people within the
Black population (28.0%) speak French
at home compared to the total
population (23.3%) - 13

The vast majority of the Black population
live in large urban areas - 14

Atlantic provinces: Longest history - 15

Quebec: French speaking 16

Ontario: Largest Black population
in Canada - 17

The Prairie Provinces: Fastest growing - 18

British Columbia: Few recent Black
immigrants - 19

The Territories: Smallest Black population
in Canada - 20

Conclusion - 21

Acknowledgments - 21

Notes - 21

Appendix
Date insert: