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A New Direction

Author Douglas E. Eyford
Title A New Direction
Year 2015
ISBN ISSN 978-1-100-25469-8
Subtitle Advancing Aboriginal and Treaty Rights
Publisher Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada
Publisher URL URL
Place of Publication Ottawa, Ontario
Publication Type Report
Location Online
Pages 92
CRRF Identifier AP-TR-BR-OR-4586
Last modified 2016-05-19
English Abstract

Treaty-making has been a dominant feature of Crown-Aboriginal relations since the 18th century. The earliest treaties in present day Canada were simple agreements designed to secure military alliances, promote peace, and facilitate trade. As the country expanded west and north, treaties were completed to clear title to the land for settlement and development. Canada’s efforts to conclude treaties ended in 1921 without treaties being completed in parts of Quebec, Labrador, Ontario, the north, and most of British Columbia.

Canada re-established a policy of treaty-making in 1973 in response to persisting claims of unextinguished Aboriginal rights to land. Comprehensive land claims agreements are the modern equivalent of historic treaties. Tey are designed to provide certainty and predictability over land and resources. Modern treaties, where completed, have improved socio-economic outcomes for Aboriginal beneficiaries.