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Diversity with Justice and Harmony: A Social Psychological Analysis

Auteur Taylor, Donald M.
Titre Diversity with Justice and Harmony: A Social Psychological Analysis
Année 1996
Maisons d'édition Metropolis Project and the Strategic Policy, Planning and Research Branch of Citizenship and Immigration Canada
Publisher URL URL
Place of Publication Toronto
Publication Type Report
Location CRRF+Online
Pages 113.
Sujet Immigration & Settlement; Settlement Research; Identity; Multiculturalism; Documenting Racism; Canadian Overview
CRRF Identifier IS-SR-UP-1205
Last modified 13/06/16
English Abstract

This document approaches its review of immigration-related literature from a social psychological perspective. Three broad themes are addressed. The first of these is the general introductory theme of acculturation, assimilation and accommodation. Models, measures and views, all pertaining to assimilation and acculturation, are outlined as are theories of intergroup relations in addition to linguistic considerations. The second theme pertains to Canadian attitudes vis-a-vis immigrants and immigration policy with specific reference to conceptualizations of multiculturalism and diversity. Finally, the newcomers’ attitudes are examined , specifically within a broader discussion of discrimination. Ultimately, the interactions of all three themes are analysed within the family as a unit of analysis -- one deemed to be central to the integration experience. Here, many gender and generational issues surface in addition to the conflicting values of individualism and collectivism.

On the one hand, policies may require newcomers to divest themselves of their heritage culture and assimilate to ‘Canadian’ culture. Such policies would seem, on the surface, to reduce the potential for ethnic divisions and conflict. However, such homogenizing policies may rob individuals of their fundamental need for cultural identity, and rob society of progressive resources that cultures bring to a society’s most challenging problems. Moreover, for ‘visible’ newcomers genuine assimilation may not be a realistic option.
On the other hand, a policy of multiculturalism may encourage newcomers to retain their heritage culture. Such a policy may well provide newcomers with a sense of identity and security, an unthreatening cultural protection that will permit them to be open to others and motivated to share with the nation their unique resources. Conversely, a multicultural policy may well encourage the very cultural divisions that form the basic of ethnic conflict. (Donald M. Taylor, p.109-110)