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The Community Well-Being Index (CWB) : Examining Well-Being in Inuit Communities, 1981-2006

Author Chris Penney, Erin O'Sullivan, & Sacha Senécal
Title The Community Well-Being Index (CWB) : Examining Well-Being in Inuit Communities, 1981-2006
Year 2012
ISBN ISSN 978-1-100-21123-7
Publisher Strategic Research Directorate : Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada
Publisher URL URL
Book URL URL
Place of Publication Ottawa, Ontario
Publication Type Report
Location Online
Pages 21
CRRF Identifier HS-Ge-BR-OR-4592
Last modified 2016-05-19
English Abstract

Taken from the Executive Summary :

"The Community Well-Being (CWB) Index is a means of measuring socio-economic well-being in First Nations, Inuit and non-Aboriginal communities. CWB Index scores are derived from Canadian Census of Population data and are composed of the following four indicators: income (based on income per capita), education (based on high school and university completion rates), housing (based on housing quantity and quality) and labour force activity (based on employment and labour force participation rates). CWBIndices have been calculated for 1981, 1991, 1996, 2001 and 2006. The Community Well-Being Index is developed and calculated using Census data from Statistics Canada, but all research and analyses are developed by Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.

Average CWB scores for Inuit and non-Aboriginal communities increased between 1981 and 2006, though Inuit community scores did not improve appreciably in the most recent intercensal period (2001-2006). Non-Aboriginal communities' average CWB did increase between 2001 and 2006, but this improvement may owe partly to changes in census methodology, namely changes to the education component.

Looking at the components of the CWB Index in Inuit communities compared to non-Aboriginal Canadian communities, labour force activity remained fairly steady from 1981 to 2006. Income and housing gaps narrowed over the period (though the housing gap widened slightly in the last intercensal period from 2001 to 2006). The gap in education also widened during the last intercensal period.

Of the four regions of Inuit Nunangat, Nunatsiavut (Labrador) had the greatest increase from 1981 to 2006, and was the only region to show an increase between 2001 and 2006. Nunavik, (Quebec) had the lowest average score of all regions both in 1981 and 2006, though there were fluctuations in the order between the regions. Despite that, Nunavik showed much improvement from 1981 to 2006, and the four regional average scores were much closer by the end of the study period than at the beginning. Due to the relatively small number of Inuit communities, particularly in Nunatsiavut and the Inuvialuit Region, we must look upon some of the trends and variations in regional scores with caution."